This Day, July 9, by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L – All #ourCOG News (2024)

July 9

118:Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the Imperial City. Regardlessof how history remembers him, for Jews, Hadrian is the Emperor who helped tostart the Third Rebellion against Rome. In this case it was the lead by Bar Kochbaand supported by Rabbi Akiva. It lasted from 132 until 135. It was the lastuprising against Rome and really marked the beginning of the end of a vitalJewish community in Palestine.

425: A decreeof the emperors Theodosius II and Valentinian III, addressed to Amatius,prefect of Gaul prohibited Jews and pagans from practicing law and from holdingpublic offices ("militandi"), in order that Christians should not bein subjection to them, and thus be incited to change their faith.

491: Anastasius I begins his reign as theByzantine Emperor. The reign of Anastasius marked the renewal of warfare withthe Sassanid Empire. The Sassanid Empire was the name given to thePersian Empire of the day. This renewal of warfare would have a negativeimpact on the Jews who ruled the island of Yotabe also known as Tiran, which isin the straits of Tiran. The Jews of Yotabe played an instrumental rolein the trade along the Red Sea and when the Byzantines sought to move East to takecontrol of this trade and defeat the Sassanids, they would replace the Jewishleaders with their own people.

507:At Daphne (near Antioch in Syria), a sporting event was held in the form of achariot race between two parties, the Greens and the Whites. For no apparentreason, the supporters of the greens attacked the local synagogue killing thoseJews who were inside.

518:Byzantine Emperor Anastasius I, whose war with the Sassanid Empire doomed theRed Sea trading activities of the Jews of Yotabe, passed away today.

1228:Cardinal Stephen Langton, who in 1218, as the Archbishop Canterbury “made Jewswear an oblong white patch of two finger-lengths by four” which made them aneasy to identify mark for the mobs, encouraged by the Barons to ransack Jewishhomes and destroy the “records of the debts owed by the nobility, passed awaytoday.

721:The Franks defeat the Muslims at the Battle of Toulouse. This victory checks the spread of Islam inWestern Europe which will be confined to Spain.This will not be the last battle between these forces. That will be leftto Charles Martel who led the Franks at the Battle of Tours eleven years later.

1391:Violence in Valencia, Spain that had begun a month earlier under the directionFerrand Martinez continued unabated. Ferrand Martinez was the Archdeacon ofEcija in the fourteenth century, and one of the most inveterate enemies of theJewish people. Among Christians he was highly respected for his piety andphilanthropy. In his sermons and public discourses, he continually fanned thehatred of the Christian population against the Jews, to whom he ascribed allsorts of vices. As vicar-general of Archbishop Barroso of Seville he arrogatedto himself the right of jurisdiction over the Jews in his diocese, injuringthem wherever he could, and demanding that the magistrates of Alcalá deGuadeyra, Ecija, and other places no longer suffer the Jews among them. Thecommunity of Valencia was destroyed and 250 Jews massacred. Many othersincluding the king's physician converted to Christianity while still othersfound refuge in the houses of their Christian neighbors.

1391:Arabbi's personal letter written in Saragossa, Spain on this date is one of thefew firsthand accounts of the total chaos in Spain: "If I were to tell youhere all the numerous sufferings we have endured you would be dumbfounded atthe thought of them…On the day of the New Moon of the fateful month Tammuz inthe year 5151, the Lord bent the bow of the enemies against the populouscommunity of Seville where there were between 6,000-7,000 heads of families,and they destroyed the gates by fire and killed in that very place a greatnumber of people; the majority, however, changed their faith.

1553:“The Elector Maurice of Saxony” who in 1542 “expelled the Jews from Zwickau”where they had lived since 1308 and who expelled them from Plauen in 1543passed away today.

1667(17thof Tammuz, 5427):Joseph Athias’ father Abraham Athias, a Marrano Jew,was burnt at the stake together with the Marranos Jacob Rodríguez Cáceres andRaquel Nuñez Fernández in Córdoba by the Spanish Inquisition

1701:During the War of the Spanish Succession which began today, Samson Wertheimer,the Hungarian Rabbi turned Austrian financier and “court Jew” united withSamuel Oppenheimer to procure the money necessary for the equipment of theAustrian imperial army and for the supply of provisions.

1713: Lourença Coutinho the mother of Portugese dramatist AntónioJosé da Silva who was known as “O Judeu” or “The Jew” died today in today’s theauto-da-fé

1730(24hof Tammuz, 5490): Sixty-nine year old Issachar Berend Lehman, one of theleading court Jews of the 16th and 17th century who usedthe influence he gained with various German princes due to his business acumento better the lot of his coreligionists.

1733:Abigaill Levy Franks, the most noted of American Jewish colonial letterwriters, wrote her son Naphtali, admonishing him to eat nothing but "bread& butter" wherever food preparation was "not done after ourStrict Juidacall [kosher] method."

1746:“In the middle of the night, two Jews of the Roman ghetto, Amadio Abbina andSabato Isacco Ambron, left the city. (The description of their adventures andthe places they visited during their long pilgrimage to the Holy Land havereached us for the first time in 2012 in manuscripts published by Paola Abbinaand Asher Salah. By providing a biographical sketch of these two intrepidJewish friends, this lecture by Asher Salah (Bezalel Academy) aims atunderstanding the reasons why they undertook such a perilous journey.)

1749(23rdof Tammuz, 5509):Ezekiel Katzenellenbogen ben Abraham passed away.Born in Lithuania was a Polish-German rabbi who served the communities atKėdainiai (Keidani) and Altona.

1754:During the French and Indian War, the name of Michael Franks, a member of theJewish family that supplied soldiers in this and the Revolutionary War,appeared as a private in a roster of created today by Captain van Braam.

1765: Samuel Israel, Alexander Solomon, and Joseph Depalacios,three Sephardim who were the first Jews in Alabama bought property today inMobile County.

1774:Birthdate of Yitlah Hays, the New York born daughter of Michael Solomon Ya6sand the wife of Mark Salomon.

1789: Honoré GabrielRiqueti, comte de Mirabeau, an early leader of the French Revolution who cameto be a defender of Judaism and Jews completed his service as a member of theEstates General and began serving as a member of the Constituent Assembly.

1791:Judah Cohen married Gracia Da Costa in Kingston, Jamaica.

1797:Edmund Burke, British philosopher and statesman, passed away. Burke is the author of the quote “The onlything necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.” This quote has often been used bycommentators and historians in attempts to explain the Holocaust.

1797:Gompertz Alexander married Betsy Simon at the Great Synagogue.

1800:In Jamaica, Abraham Quixano Henriques, Esq, the “son of Moses Israel Henriquesand Abigail Henriques” and his wife Leah Rachel Henriques gave birth to MosesQuixano Henriques, the English resident who was the “husband of Mary AnnHenriques Ann Henriques and Elizabeth Mary Henriques and the ather of JamesQuixano Henriques; Sarah Ellise Quixano Henriques; Moses Henriques and GraceRachel Henrique”

1804:Birthdate of Jonas Bondi, the native of Dresden who was the rabbi at AnsheChesed in New York before he began publishing The Hebrew Leader and whosedaughter Selma married the founder of the Reform Movement in the United StatesIsaac M. Wise.

1805:Levy Ephraim Green married Emilia Hyams at the Great Synagogue.

1816: Argentina declares independence from Spain.The first Jews probably came to Argentina as conversos following the SpanishInquisition. Bernardino Rivadavia,Argentina’s first president gave support to policies that promoted freedom ofimmigration and respect for human rights, including the abolishing of theInquisition. These changes in the social and political climate paved the wayfor a new wave of Jewish immigration.

1818(5thof Tammuz, 5578): Four-month-old Rebecca Phillips, the daughter of AbigailSeixas and Benjamin Jonas Phillips who were married in 1804, passed away today.

1822:In London, Maurie Solomon, the “on of Moshe Eliezer Lieberman Solomon and Betsy(Elizabeth) Solomon, and his wife Louisa Solomon gave birth to Nathan MauriceSolomon, “the husband of Ann Jones Solomon and Bertha Helena Solomons and fatherof Stuart Kerr Maurice; Annie Louisa Louise Maurice; Julia Maurice; ClaraEleanor Maurice; Clarence E Maurice; and Nannetta Minnie Maurice” who live foreighty years.

1825:Birthdate of Hamburg native, Julius Oppert, who eventually settled in Francewhere he gained fame as an Assyriologist.

1826: David Jonassohn marriedCharlotte Bauer in Hamburg, Germany

1826: In London, Simon Marcus andEleanor Levy gave birth to Frederick Marcus.

1829: In Rotterdam, Harry De Grootand Sarah Lit gave birth Marinus De Groot, the future President of the “DublinHebrew Congreagation.”

1832: In “Little Pimlico, London,”Simcha and Isabella Cohen gave birth to Philip Cohen today.

1833: In Mayence, Samuel and SophieBondi gave birth to Baruch-Bertram Bondi.

1835(12th of Tammuz,5595): Based on the tombstone in the Penang Jewish Cemetery, Mrs. ShoshanaLevi, the “English benefactress” passed away today.

1837: Marcus Simon Rosenbacher, theGerman born son of Simon Aron Rosenbacher and Libussa Rosenbacher and his Franziska(Fanni) Anna gave birth to Therese Michael, the wife of Viktor Isaac Michaeland the “mother of Leonie Eisner; Flora Cahn; Hermine Molling; Iwan Michael;Ernst Michael; and Lea Bona Rosin.”

1839(27th of Tammuz,5599) Eliza R. Levy Anderson, the Camden SC born daughter of Samuel and SarahMoses Levy and the husband of EdwardHenry Anderson passed away today.

1841(20th of Tammuz,5601): Joseph “Yosef” Friedlander, the son of Aharon Jehuda Friedlander and thehusband of Gittel Rinkel who was a dealer in second hand close passed awaytoday.

1842:Lt. Colonel Max-Théodore Cerfberr who served as president of the ConsistoireCentral Israelite de France “took his seat in the Chamber Deputies” today “asrepresentative from Wissembourg.

1845:In London, Dr. Nathan Marcus Adler “was inaugurated as Chief Rabbi of the GreatSynagogue.”

1845:Joseph Magnus married Emma Fileman.

1845:Lazarus Phillips married Bloomah Marks at the Great Synagogue.

1846:The chief rabbis of Baghdad announced a curse (Herem) on the Christianmissionaries who had come to convert the Jews in their community.

1847:“The Jewish Chronicle” went from being published every two weeks to beingpublished as a weekly.

1849:In Rawicz, Poland, Rabbi Solomon Brann and his wife gave birth to GermanHistorian Marcus Brann

1850: President Zachary Taylor died and MillardFillmore becomes the 13th President of the United States. Millard Fillmore is one the lesser known U.S.Presidents. But he played a major rolein furthering the acceptance of Jews as full citizens of the UnitedStates. In 1851, the United StatesSenate considered a treaty with Switzerland.The treaty included a clause that would the governments of theindividual Swiss Cantons to treat U.S. citizens in the same way they treatedtheir own citizens. Some of the cantonshad laws that discriminated against Jews.Ratification of the treaty would have meant that American citizens couldbe treated differently based on their religion. Fillmore declared that part of the treaty tobe “a decisive objection. In leading thesuccessful opposition to the treaty Fillmore declared that “neither by law, norby treaty, nor by any other official proceeding is it competent for theGovernment of the United States to establish any distinction between itscitizens founded on differences in religious beliefs.”

1850: A major firestruck Philadelphia in which “many Israelites shared in the same calamity,which overwhelmed their neighbors.” Among the dead were two or three members ofthe Marcus family including the eldest son and daughter. At least one otherIsraelite was reported as being “severely wounded.”

1851: In London Caroline AntonineGeradine Louyet married Jacob Levi Montefiore, the Isaac Levi and his wifeEsther Hannah, née Montefiore. “Estherwas a first cousin of Sir Moses Montefiore and connected to the Rothschilds bymarriage. Jacob and his brothers adopted the name of Montefiore.”

1856: InPhiladelphia, Meyer Guggenheim and Barbara Guggenheim gave birth toindustrialist and philanthropist Daniel Guggenheim, the husband of FlorenceShloss with whom he had three children – Meyer, Harry and Gladys.

1856: On Rikers Island, “YoungBarney Aaron won a” the son of British bareknuckle boxer Barney Aaron won about that “lasted 80 rounds” or “2 hours and 20 minutes.

1856: Ellis Abraham Franklinemarried Adelaide Samuel at the Great Synagogue today.

1857(17th of Tammuz,5617): Tzom Tammuz observed as Abolitionists and Pro-slavery irregularscontinue the struggle in the multi-event known as Bloody Kansas which was adress rehearsal for the Civil War.

1858: In Minden Westphalia Sophie Meyer Boas gavebirth to Columbia University Professor Franz Boas, “the Father of AmericanAnthropology”

1859(7thof Tammuz, 5619): Parshat Balak with its attendant greet of Shabbat Shalom(Sabbath Peace) take on whole new meaning for the Jews of India since it is thefirst Shabbat to be observed since the end of the Sepoy Rebellion whichofficially came to an end on July 8.

1860(19thof Tammuz, 5620): Forty-nine-year-old Charleston, SC native Eleazer Levy Hyamspassed away today in Natchitoches.

1860:Dr. Barnard Van Oven who in 1827 had been appointed physician to the poor ofthe Great Synagogue and who was one of the pioneers in the movement for theremoval of the disabilities of the Jews in England as can be seen by hispamphlet "An Appeal to the British Nation on Behalf of the Jews “passedaway today. Van Oven was following in the footsteps of his father Joshua VanOvan the English surgeon who established the Jews’ Free School and the Jews’Hospital in Mile End.

1861:Union forces that would come to include the Cameron Dragoons (officially the 65thRegiment led by Colonel Max Friedman and which contained a large segment ofPhiladelphia Jews) skirmished at Vienna, Virginia as they made their way toManassas where they would fight the First Battle of Bull Run.

1862:The Jew's Hospital is reported to be one of the places to which those woundedon the battle fields of the Peninsula are being brought.

1862:In St. Louis, Sigmund and Fanny Shulman Schiele gave birth to Edwin Schiele,the husband of Mynne Kramer Schiele.

1862:In Vienna, Ignatz Lajos and Rosali Konti gave birth to sculptor Isidore Kontiwho originally came to the United States in 1890 to work on the ChicagoExposition.

1863(22ndof Tammuz, 5623): Fifty-seven-year-old Bernard Etting, the son of Solomon andRachel Gratz Etting passed away today after which he was buried in the familycemetery in Baltimore, MD.

1866:Four days after he had passed away, forty-four-year-old Edmund Myer Tobias,“the youngest son of Myer Tobias and Hannah Wolf” was buried today at the BallsPond Road Jewish Cemetery.

1868:Birthdate of Minsk native Albert Kruger who in 1899 came to the United Stateswhere he raised one son Lewis with his wife Yetta and served for more thantwenty-five years as Superintendent of the Home of the Daughters of Jacob.

1869:In Kovno, Levi and Ella Volpe gave birth to Arnold Volpe, the conductor,violinist and composer who 1898 came to the United States where he founded the“Lewishon Stadium concerts” and married Marie Michelson.

1870:Jonathan Manly Emanual, the son of London born Dr. Manly Emanuel, who beganserving in the U.S. Navy during the Civil War in 1862 began an eleven-monthstint on board the Dictator.

1871(20thof Tammuz, 5631): Sixty-six-year-old Lelio Hillel Della Torre, the Italianrabbi who was the son of Solomon Jehiel Raphael ha-Kohen passed away today inPadua.

1871:In Berlin, Rosalie and Samuel Jacoby gave birth to Harvard graduate andColumbia trained neurologist James Ralph Jacoby, who was the husband of RaeJacoby.

1873:Birthdate of Lithuania native Gerson Guthman, the Chicago insurance and realestate sales man and director of the Hebrew Theological College.

1873:In Cincinnati, Ohio, a conference of Jewish leaders formed the Union ofAmerican Hebrew Congregations and adopted a constitution for theorganization. The Union is committed toestablishing a theological college.Membership in the Union is open to all Jewish congregations in theUnited States.

1875:A lodge of B’nai B’rith was formed today in Austin, TX making it the firstofficially Jewish organization in the state’s capital city.

1875:In New York, Judge Richard Larremore denied the motion for a permanentinjunction sought by Israel J. Solomon in which the plaintiff sought to enjointhe trustees of B’Nai Jeshrun from making “innovations in the mode of worship.” Specifically, he sought to prevent thecongregation from putting an end to separate seating for men and women whichwould mean that families could sit together.He claimed that “the proposed mingling of the sexes” would in violationof the charter” of the synagogues “and the ancient custom of Polish and GermanJews.” He also claimed that the changeviolated “his rights as a pew owner” and was conducive to immorality.Essentially, the Judge ruled that the matter at hand was, as a matter of law,to be decided by the religious authorities and not the civil courts.

1876(17thof Tammuz, 5636): Tzom Tammuz observed for the last time during the Presidency of U.S. Grant, thefirst President to attend services marking the dedication of a synagogue (AdasIsrael, in Washington, DC) and first president to make a contribution to asynagogue building fund.

1876:In New York, Rose Lowenberg, the New York born daughter of Elizabeth and MosesS. Cohn and her husband Solomon Henry Lowenberg gave birth to Alfred Lowenbergwho died six months before his fourth birthday.

1877:Henry Hilton wrote a letter to a friend of his in Chicago defending hisdecision to ban Jews as guest at the Grand Union Hotel in Saratoga Springs,NY. Hilton said that he had expectedsome “adverse criticism” when he made the decision. The new hotel had been completed at greatexpense and if he did not ban Jews, he would lose “other and more valuableguests.” He did not fear a boycott of his businesses by the Jews and said thatif the reverse were done the Jews would be the ultimate losers. As far as Hilton knew, the law allowed anowner to ban whomsoever he wished notwithstanding all of the objections from“Moses and all his descendants.”

1878:In New York, Louis R. and Henritte Ehrich gave birth to Yale, Stanford andColorado School of Mines trained mining engineer Walter Louis Erich, themanager of the Bonanza Belt Mining Company and husband of Adelaide Wallach whowas a director of the Hebrew Technical Institute.

1879:Delegates to the Sixth Council of the Union of American and HebrewCongregations enjoyed an excursion to Manhattan Beach today.

1879:The Sixth Council of the Union of American and Hebrew Congregations met thismorning at 9 for it second and final day.After approving committee reports, the council voted to meet again onthe second Tuesday of July 1881 in Chicago, Illinois.

1880(1stof Av, 5640): Rosh Chodesh AV

1881:“Old Indigo and the New” published today provided a history of this ancientmaterial which “the Jews first introduced into Europe as dye during the MiddleAges.” The Jews “practiced the art ofdyeing with” indigo “and other coloring matters on the shores of the Levant.”

1882:In Wheeling, West Virginia, General Morris Horkheimer, the Republican politicalleader and Cecilia Horkheimer gave birth Herbert Morris Horkehimer

1882(22ndof Tammuz, 5642): French native Adam Kahn, the husband of Dorothy Brobeck Kahnwith whom he raised nine children passed away today after which he was interredin the Springville Cemetery in Madison, Indiana.

1882:In “A Plea for the Egyptians” published today, Simon Wolf, the American Jew whohas been serving as the United States Consul-General in Egypt summarizes hisview of the current situation in Egypt.After describing the divisions within the society and presenting asocio-economic snapshot of the country, he reports the desire of the localpopulation to be free of the Ottomans but not at the expense of taking on aEuropean yoke. He sees the British asthe greatest threat to progress and independence and expresses the view thatAmerica should support the Egyptians in their attempts to modernize theirsociety. [Note – In tone and in some case in fact, one can see a prequel ofdescriptions and aspirations tied to the 21st century Arab Spring.]

1882:Birthdate of Samuel Lionel "Roxy" Rothafel, the native of Stillwater,MN, “a showman of the 1920s silent film era and the impresario for many of thegreat New York movie palaces that he managed such as the Strand, Rialto,Rivoli, Capitol, the eponymous Roxy Theatre in New York City and the Radio CityMusic Hall who passed away in 1936

1883:The funeral of Joseph Reckendorfer is scheduled to take place at his home inNew York City. Reckendorfer was a prominent member of the Jewish community ascan be seen by the notices requesting members of Temple Emanu-El, members ofthe Board of Relief of the United Hebrew Charities and the Directors of theHebrew Orphan Asylum to attend the funeral.His success in the world of commerce can be seen by a similar request tomembers and officers of the Stationer’s Board of Trade. Reckendorfer will beremembered by his associates as the man who bought Hyman Lipman’s patent forattaching an eraser to the end of pencil in 1862 for $100,000 only to have theSupreme Court declare the patent invalid in a case in 185 involving FaberCastell.

1883:In New York City, Samuel and Rosalie Abraham gave birth to Columbia Universitytrained chemist, who became chairman of the board of Ruberoid Company andauthor of authoritative Asphalt and Allied Substances who was the husband ofthe former Dorothy Jacoby.

1884:Birthdate of Mikhail Gruzenberg, the Belarus native known as Comintern agentMikhail Borodin.

1884: “Destruction of the Judengasse”published today informed those planning to visit Frankfort this summer that oneof the sights described in their guidebooks – the Judengasse – will havedisappeared by the time they arrive in the German city. The Judgengasse (Jew’sAlley) was the ghetto established for the Jews in the 15th century.In 1808 the gates that had locked the Jews in were removed and most of themhave moved to other parts of the city.Only houses on one side of the “alley” are left and they will soon bedemolished.

1885:“In the village of Cabanas de Viriato in the scenic northern province of BeiraAlta, Portugal, Jose de Sousa Mendes, a well-to-do high court judge, and MariaAngelina de Abranches gave birth to Aristides de Sousa Mendes the Portuguesediplomat who defied his government and saved thousands from the clutches ofHitler and the Gestapo.

1885:It was reported today that the first excursion for the poor children and theirmothers sponsored by the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children has been scheduled fornext week.

1885:“Jews of the Northern Caucasus” published today provided an account of DagChufut or Mountain Jews who live in several communities “in the provinces ofDaghestan, Terek and Kouban. Numberingabout 500 families they claim to be descendants of Persian families who camehere in the 15th century because the local princes wished to exploittheir commercial skills. They speak thelocal dialects but write in Farsi, the language in which their Talmud iswritten. Religion is the only thing thatthey have in common with Jews living in the eastern part of the Russian Empireand they look to their own rabbis for spiritual guidance.

1885:Josef Ahondorowsky, his wife and six children are scheduled to sail back toRussia on board the State of Indiana today.This Jewish family arrived on July 2 claiming that their passage hadbeen paid for by the Hebrew Aid Society of Paris while admitting that they hadno money.

1887:“Squelching Rabbi Browne” published today described some of the embarrassingantics of Rabbi E.B.M. Browne that included publicly proclaiming himself to bethe “Modern Maccabee” and the “Jewish Beecher” and his role in defendingconvicted wife killer Adolf Reich. He earned further disdain for attempting toplay a role in the funeral of the later President Grant. He insisted that as an Orthodox Jew he wouldhave to walk to the cemetery because the funeral was held on Shabbat. Apparently he assumed everybody was ignorantof the fact that Jews do not attend funerals on the Sabbath. The dwindling number of congregants at Gatesof Hope was the final blow to his remaining as leader of the congregation.

1887:In Boston, Nathan and Ida Ginsberg Pinanski gave birth to Boston born, HarvardLaw School graduate and WW I Army veteran Abraham E. Pinanski, “a member of theMassachusetts Superior Court since 1930,” the “President of the Hebrew FreeLoan Society of Boston” since 1936 and “President of the Jewish Child WelfareAssociation” who was the husband of “Viola R. Pinanski” with whom he had fourdaughters

1888(1stof Av, 5648) Rosh Chodesh Av

1888:In Leeds, Hannah Cohen and Michael Marks, the co-founder of major Britishmultinational company Marks & Spencer gave birth to Simon Marks, 1st BaronMarks of Broughton.

1888:It was reported today that a Bet Din consisting of 4 rabbis and led by RabbiJacob Charif will meet twice a week to render opinions related to Jewish law.However, Charif, the newly arrived Orthodox Rabbi who was brought to the UnitedStates to lead the primarily immigrant community of Jews living on the lowerEast Side has not made up his mind if he will remain in the United States orreturn to Vilna.

1889:The Council of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations assembled in Detroittoday and continued in session for three days. Among the many prominent Jewishleaders attending, none will garner more attention than Rabbi Isaac Meyer Wise,the President of the Hebrew Union College whose recent 70th birthdaywas the cause for nationwide celebration among his Reform colleagues and othersupporters.

1889Birthdate of Tupelo, MS native and University of Missouri trained journalist,Leo R. Sack, the WW I veteran and former United States Minster to Costa Ricawho raised one daughter with his wife Regina passed away today.

1889:Thanks to “the efforts of the Reformed or Liberal branch of the Jewishteachers: the Central Conference of American rabbis was organized today inDetroit Michigan.

1889:Mr. Robert Bongynge said today that regardless of what the Board of Trustees ofthe Harlem Club might do, he was sure that if a could be taken among thegeneral membership could be taken Senator Jacob A. Cantor would be admitted asa member regardless of the fact that he was Jewish

1890:Daniel Froman, the manager of the Lyceum Theatre arrived in New York City todayand went immediately to his country home in Stamford, CT.

1890(21stof Tammuz, 5650): Sixty-five-year-old German Rabbi Immanuel Heinrich Ritterpassed away today in Bohemia.

1890:“Arthur Dale Chairman of the Joint Board of Cutters, tailors and contractorsreceived a letter from the United Hebrew Charities signed by James H. Hoffman,Hyman Blum and M.W. Platzek, stating that it was their duty to assist insettling the difficulty, and that they would be pleased to meet Mr. Dale orother gentlemen who represent the interest of the working people that areaffected and discuss the situation with the view of arriving at a satisfactoryunderstanding.”

1891:“A Home For The Jews” published today described a meeting “held at Lemberg, thecapital of Galacia between Arnold White representing Baron Hirsch, Herr Franzosrepresenting the Jews of Berlin, and Dr. Karunda” representing the Jews ofVienna where the trio agreed that it would be best to direct Jews fleeingEurope to settlements in Argentina especially since no plans can be developedfor settling Jews in Palestine.

1891: It was reported today that committees have been formed atOdessa and other ports throughout Europe to help Jews reach Argentina.

1891: “The compilation of immigration statistics for the fiscalyear ending June 30, 1891 was completed today” showing “that during the period405, 654 immigrants” landed at New York, 33,504 of whom were from Russia and“the majority of them were Jews.”

1891: Charles Stern, a New York peddler who went to Brazil claimingto be a farmer, wrote a letter complaining that the government had not givenhim farm but had put him to work on railroad construction “compelling him towork like a slave.”

1892: In New York all of the delegates attending the annual conventionof American rabbis went to Sabbath services this morning at Temple Beth-El.

1892: Birthdate of Budapest native Sandor Harmati, the “Americanviolinist and composer” who in 1921 was a founding member of the American MusicGuild and is bestknown for his song "Bluebird of Happiness" written in 1934 for JanPeerce”

1893.Birthdate of Rzeszow, Poland native Al (Eliyahu) Irom, the husband of theformer Helen Fixler and father of Barbara Irom.

1893: The SS Red Seawhich is scheduled to arrive in New York today with 800 immigrants in steerageincluding 120 Russian Jews will be met by immigration officials to ensure thepassengers meet the financial requirements for coming to the United States. Officials are trying to discourage thetrafficking in indigent immigrants that owners of tramp steamers have beenengaging in.

1894: Twice as many mothers are expected to attend today’s lectureon the care and feeding of children during warm weather being held at theHebrew Institute than attended the first such lecture.

1895: It was reported today that Dr. Max Landsberg is scheduled todeliver the welcoming address at the upcoming annual Central Conference ofAmerican Rabbis which will be held at Rochester, NY.

1895: Judge Stover has vacated the order he had issued to allowthe District Attorney to exhume the body of the late Mrs. Wolf Silvermanbecause the insurance company thought her death was suspicious. The judge said that if the insurance companyhad any proof to back up their allegations about her husband they should submitthem to the District Attorney.

1895: “Hebrews Want Representation” published today describedefforts of the Jews to have one of their co-religionist appointed as a SchoolTrustee of Tenth Ward where 95% of the students are Jews. Nathan Shevy, a NewYork lawyer, has proposed that Trustee position held by Charles B. Stover bedeclared vacant since he has not attended a meeting for seven months and thathe be replaced by a Jew. The only Jewwho had been a Trustee was not reappointed and currently all of the Trusteesare Christians.

1896: William Jennings Bryan gave his “Cross of Gold Speech” atthe Democratic National Convention.

1896: It was reported today that Lord Rosebery’s marriage to “awealthy Jewess at time when his finances were at the lowest ebb…was sufficientto spoil his chances with the working classes” which has sealed his politicaldoom.

1896: Birthdate of Gershon Hadas, the husband of Anne EisenbergHadas and the Rabbi at Beth Shalom Synagogue.

1896:In the trial of Adolph Herschkopf for the murder of Lizzie Jaeger, theprosecution rested today.

1897:On the day after he passed away David bar Abraham HaCohen was buried at thePlashet Jewish Cemetery in London.

1898: The month-long mustering in process for the 6thVirginia Volunteer Infantry whose members included Mathew N. Levy of Norfolkbegan today.

1899: Columbia Medical College graduate and actuary Isaac MaxRubinow, the Lunny, Russia born son of Max and Esther Rubinow In Lunny (near Grodno)Russia, and author of The Quest of Security which “established him asthe most recognized theorist on social insurance in the first three decades ofthe twentieth century married Sophie Himowich today.

1899:Police made renewed efforts today in Worcester, MA, to enforce the blue lawsrelated to Sunday closings following a demand by Jewish merchants who had beentargeted by the police for selling merchandize on “the Sabbath.”

1899:The Central Conference of American Rabbis, with offices at the Euclid AvenueTemple in Cleveland, OH, was organized today.

1899:The list of bequests made by the late David Krakauer published today included$1,000 to the Montefiore Home and the Hebrew Sheltering Orphan Asylum; $2,000for Mount Sinai Hospital; and $500 to the Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews andthe United Hebrew Charities.

1900: InEmden, Germany, Rosa Funk, the Dutch born “daughter of Israel Nathan Gruenbergand Roosje Conrads Gruenberg and her husband Louis (Lazarus) Funk gave birth to ConradFunk, the husband of Trude Funk.

1900: QueenVictoria of the United Kingdom gives royal assent to an act creating theCommonwealth of Australia thus uniting separate colonies on the continent underone federal government. The first Jews arrived in Australia, in 1788 whenEuropean convicts settled in what was to become the city of Sydney. Jews played an active role in the growth anddevelopment of the various colonies that would make up the CommonHealth ofAustralia. Members of Montefiore family,which was part of the clan headed by Sir Moses Montefiore the famedphilanthropist and businessman, developed several commercial ventures and heldnumerous public positions during this time. The township of Montefiore standsas a testament to the family’s active role in the development of Australia andits Jewish community.

1901:According to reports published in the New York Times, Montefiore Isaacs,the nephew of the late Sir Moses Montefiore, is one of the most popularbachelors who belong to the posh Metropolitan Club. Among other things, Montefiore is famous forhis skills as a magician; skills which he has used in “thousands ofperformances” given for a wide variety of charities. He is also a well regarded for his knowledgeof Shakespeare and his collection of very rare books.

1902:Another interview with Lord Rothschild takes place during which Herzl submitsthe details of Colonization Company for the development of Sinai, El Arish andCyprus. Rothschild promises to discuss the plan with the British Minister forthe Colonies, Joseph Chamberlain.

1902:In Aurora, Illinois, “Benjamin Philip and Lillian (Reinheimer) Alschuler gavebirth University of Chicago trained attorney Jacob Edward Alschuler who hadbelong to ZBT while an undergrad at Wisconsin and was the husband of the formerCarolyn Strauss with whom he had three children – George, Benjamin, andRosalie.

1903:Secretary of State Hay “was in further conference today” with some Jewishleaders and communicated to them” the desire of President Roosevelt, who hasalready decided “that the matter of the Jewish petition must be disposed ofbefore” any action can be taken because of the situation in Manchuria, thatthey should consult with him at his summer home at Oyster Bay by July 14regarding “the disposition to made of the Jewish petition to Russia.

1904:The National Democratic Convention which Samuel Untermyer attended as adelegate from New York and nominated Alton B. Parker to run against SocialistEugene Debs and Republican Theodore Roosevelt came to a close. In the fall, inNew York’s 8th Assembly District on the Lower East Side which wasdominated by Jewish voters, “Democrat Alton B. Parker crushedSocialist Debs by nearly 3 to 1, but the “all-American” Republican, TheodoreRoosevelt, beat them both and easily swept the neighborhood.” (As reported byMichael Medved)

1905: “The sole memorial service” honoring the recently deceasedSecretary of State John Hay “to be held in New York City” took place “in thesynagogue of the First Romanian-American Congregation” where “recognition ofthe services of the United States in behalf of the Jews during Mr. Hay’ssecretaryship” were a key part of the event.

1905: The Ninth Summer Assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Societycontinued for a second day in Atlantic City, NJ.

1905: Twenty-two-year-old University of Oregon trained attorney Dr. David N. Mosessohn the Russian born sonof Dr. Nehemiah and Theresa Mosessohn, married Mayna Lerner today before movingto New York City in 1918 where he pursued a varied career that including beingpublish of The Jewish Tribune and Chancellor of the Council of American JewishStudent Affairs.

1906:Birthdate of New Haven, CT native andYale trained psychiatrists Dr. Louis Harold Cohen, the husband of Sylvia Cohenand father of Jonathan, James and Elizabeth Cohen whose writings on the subjectof mental health included Murder, Madness and the Law,

1906: Alfred Dreyfus continued living, as he had for almost two years ina state of “virtual house-arrest” awaiting an official exoneration which wouldfinally take place three days later.

1907: “Dreyfus to Retire” published today reported that Major AlfredDreyfus is going to retire due to ill-health and accept a pension meaning thatit is unlikely “that he will again resume his military duties.”

1908: In Colorado, Samuel and Harriet Hattie Schwartz gave birth to AdeleLehman Schlafer, the wife Nathan Henry Schlafter with whom she had twochildren.

1908: In Yampil, a town in the western Ukraine, Bluma and Moshe Mikardogave birth to British Labor MP Ian Mikardo.

1909:The Jews of Persia took refuge inside the Turkish consulate during a revolt.They appeal to the Hahambashi of Turkey to help them become Ottoman subjects.

1909:In Daruvar, Rebekka (née Figel) Frankfurter and Rabbi Mavro Frankfurter gavebirth to David Frankfurter who assassinated German NSDAP leader WilhelmGustloff

1910(2ndof Tammuz, 5670): Parashat Chukat

1910:A copy of the telegram sent by William H. Hughes, a member of Congressrepresenting the Sixth District of New Jersey to President Taft, which statedthat “the Jewish constituents of my district through the medium of theIndependent Order of the Free Sons of Joseph, desire me to call your attentionto the atrocities which occurred in Russia affecting the Jewish population…andrespectfully request that you as President of the United States on behalf ofthe Jewish citizens of this country enter a protest to the Russian Governmentin the name of humanity…” was published today

1911: InMilwaukee, Wisconsin, the 15th annual summer assembly of the JewishChautauqua Society led by Chancellor Henry Berkowitz continued for a third day.

1911: In NewYork, Sadye and Oscar Friedlander gave birth to Dorothy Geller, the wife ofState Supreme Court Judge Abraham N. Geller and mother of Susan and BruceGeller “who was a founder and long-time leader of the Women’s Division of theUJA of Greater New York.

1912(24thof Tammuz, 5672): Seventy-eight-year-old George Stause passed away today in NewYork City.

1913:Birthdate of Rabbi Sándor Scheiber, the director of the Rabbinical Seminary inBudapest.

1914:Today, twenty-three-year-old Dr. Ray Karchmer Daly, the Vilnius born daughterof Kalmen and Anna (Levinson) Karchmer, and pioneering UT trainedophthalmologist married Dr. Louis Daly whom she had met while attending medicalschool.

1914:“Laughing Gas” directed by and starring Charlie Chaplain, who seventeen yearslater in an interview with a German newspaper described “his mother as a ghettobeauty” and his father as a Jewish dialect comedian was released today in theUnited States.

1914:Today, NYU trained attorney Morris Cukor, the Hungarian born so of Joseph andVictoria Cukor who represented various Hungarian interests in legal matters inthe United States and who was a “member” of Tammany Hall married Cora G. Woodruff.

1914:As Europe stumbled its way toward the World War which would have such an impactof the Jews of the 20th century today, Austrian Emperor Franz Josephwas advised the council was working on an ultimatum containing demands thatwere designed to be rejected, thus ensuring a war without the “odium ofattacking Serbia without warning, put her in the wrong.”

1915:Charles Edward Sebag-Montefiore and Muriel Alice Ruth de Pass gave birth to Lt.Col. Oliver Robert Marne Sebag-Montefiore who passed away in October, 1993.

1915:Birthdate of American composer David Leo Diamond who for more than five decadesfigured prominently among mainstream American composers. Born in Rochester, NewYork, to Yiddish-speaking immigrant parents from the area around Lemberg,Galicia (now Ukraine), he received a typical Jewish religious education in thelocal afternoon Hebrew school. At the age of seven he displayed musical giftson the violin, which he learned to play initially on his own, and he begancomposing small pieces while still a child—also without formal instruction.There followed violin lessons at public grammar school and, briefly, while hisfamily was in temporary residence in Cleveland, Ohio, during the 1920s, somestudies at the Cleveland Institute of Music. Later, he was awarded ascholarship at the Eastman School of Music, in Rochester, where he studied withBernard Rogers. The premiere of his first orchestral work, a one-movementsymphony, was conducted by Eastman's resident composer and compositiondepartment chairman, Howard Hanson. As a student in Rochester, Diamond wasfascinated by the cantorial art he heard in the local synagogue and at concertsgiven by visiting cantorial celebrities—especially, as he could still recallmore than seven decades later, the famous Yossele Rosenblatt (1882–1933).Diamond also developed an intellectual interest in Jewish music history,acquainting himself with much of the available literature. During his studieswith Rogers, he began writing short pieces that incorporated Jewish themes andmodes. Before completing the course at Eastman, however, Diamond left for NewYork City, where he became a pupil of Roger Sessions and studied at theDalcroze Institute. Sessions, like Rogers, had been a student of Ernest Bloch,and Diamond always felt that this provided him an indirect yet significantinfluence of that acknowledged 20th-century master. Shortly after arriving inNew York, Diamond introduced himself to Lazare Saminsky then the music directorat Temple Emanu-El, the city's flagship Reform congregation. Saminsky, anestablished and respected composer in the general music world who was also oneof the major personalities on the American Jewish music scene, took an interestin the young composer's gifts and became something of a patron. He invitedDiamond to write various liturgical settings for Emanu-El's services, andDiamond continued on his own to add to that repertoire. Saminsky'sencouragement proved significant on several levels: "It was really Mr.Saminsky who got me writing more and more," Diamond later acknowledged. Inthose initial New York years Saminsky also introduced him to the highlyregarded and well-established American born composer, the first compositionprofessor at The Juilliard School, Frederick Jacobi (1891–1952), who, like Diamond,included Judaically related works among his overall opera. Jacobi quietlyorganized some private financial assistance for Diamond to help him continuehis studies and pursue his artistic goals.

1915:Having just returned from a tour of the Western Front, Chief Rabbi JosephHerman Hertz and Rabbi Michael Adler, Senior Chaplin for the Jewish soldiersserving in the field, reported on the conditions of the Jewish troops servingon activity duty. Based on publishedfigures, of the 200,000 Jews living in the British Isles, 20,000 are serving onactive duty and another 5,000 are in training units. Actually, there may bemore Jews serving than this tally indicates.When many Jews were enlisting in the early days of the war, theyneglected to indicate their religion, so they were automatically labeled asChurch of England. The two clericsquoted Field Marshall Sir John French as paying the highest possible tribute tothe bravery and patriotism of the Jewish soldiers serving in his command. Theenthusiastic response of the Jews is attributed to the treatment they havereceived as citizens of the British Empire.Rabbis of fighting age are serving in the ranks and the sons of Rabbiswho are of military age have almost all enlisted. The sons of the rich andpowerful are well-represented as can be seen by the names of Montefiore,Rothschild and Henriques. In addition tothe males serving at the front, hundreds of Jewish women are serving as RedCross nurses both on the Western Front and on the home front.

1915:As of today, “hundreds of Jewish women were serving as Red Cross nurses on thebattlefields” in France and “the hospitals” in Great Britain.

1916:In Long Branch, NJ, ten-year-old Abraham Stollar greeted the delegates at themorning session of the Young Judea Convention with a talk in Hebrew which wasreplied to by Emanuel Neumann who also spoke in Hebrew.

1916:At their convention in Far Rockaway, the United Synagogues of America “adopteda resolution offered by Dr. Cyrus Adler calling on the organization toco-operate with the army and navy branch of the Young Men’s Hebrew Associationin aiding dependents of the 5,000 Jews in the National Guard who have beenordered to the Mexican border.”

1916:As of today, the fund of the American Jewish Relief Committee of which Felix M.Warburg is Treasurer has collect approximately $4,400,000.

1916:It was reported today that among the contributions received by The CentralCommittee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War of which HarrFischel is the Treasurer was a $196 from the Jewish community of Sioux City, IAand $130 from Warheit Publishing Company in New York City.

1917:It was reported today that “at a regular meeting of the Board of Alderman ofNew York…a formal resolution of appreciation for the work carried on by NathanStrauss with his milk stations whereby he has save the lives of at least aquarter of a million babies in the past twenty-five years was unanimouslyadopted.”

1917:“The Jewish Welfare Board was formed by a group of prominent Jewish Americanstoday as a response by the American Jewish Community to the United States’entry into the First World War on April 6th.

1917:Jacob Schiff, Herbert Parsons, Dr. Henry Moskowitz, Morris Hillquit, andAbraham Cahan were among the throng that greeted the Russian Commission led byBoris Bakhmeteff at the Henry Street Settlement House.

1918Bernard Baruch “was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal for servicesrendered to help in the war effort.

The President of the United Statesof America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure inpresenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Mr. Bernard M. Baruch, aUnited States Civilian, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguishedservices to the Government of the United States, in a duty of greatresponsibility during World War I, in the organization and administration ofthe War Industries Board and in the coordination of allied purchases in theUnited States. By establishing a broad and comprehensive policy for thesupervision and control of the raw materials, manufacturing facilities, anddistribution of the products of industry, he stimulated the production of warsupplies, coordinated the needs of the military service and the civilianpopulation, and contributed alike to the completeness and speed of themobilization and equipment of the military forces and the continuity of theirsupply. War Department, General Orders No. 15 (1921)

1918Colonel Harry Cutler, Retired, “was awarded the Army Distinguished ServiceMedal for services rendered to help in the war effort.

ThePresident of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal toColonel (Retired) Harry Cutler, Rhode Island National Guard, a United StatesCivilian, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to theGovernment of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during WorldWar I as Chairman, Executive Committee, of the Jewish Welfare Board.

1918: By direction of thePresident, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved today (Bul. No.43, W.D., 1918), Private Lester Bergman (MCSN: 158340/117036), United StatesMarine Corps, is cited by the Commanding General, American Expeditionary Forces,for gallantry in action and a silver star may be placed upon the ribbon of theVictory Medals awarded him. Private Bergman distinguished himself by gallantryin action while serving with Company E, 5th Regiment (Marines), 2d Division,American Expeditionary Forces, in action in the Bois de Belleau, France, 13June 1918, in attacking, with eight comrades, an enemy machine gun nest.

1919: Threedays after she had passed funeral services were held today in Chicago forTillie (Weil) Cadden, the wife of Isaac Cadden with whom she raised a son and adaughter after which she was interred at the Waldheim Cemetery.

1919(11thof Tammuz, 5679): Morton L. Slottow, the “infant son of Hiram and Fanchon(Bows) Slottow passed away today.

1919(11th ofTammuz, 5679): Alexander Benjamin “Broadway” Smith, the turn of the centurymajor leaguer who played for the New York Giants, Boston Red Sox and ChicagoCubs passed away today.

1919:By a vote of 209 to 16 the German National Assembly ratified the VersaillesTreaty which the Nazis would use as part of their drive to power.

1920:In London, Harriet B. Lowenstein, an attorney and the “first woman to obtainthe degree of certified public accountant” in New York married New York lawyerJonah Goldstein who “is actively identified with the work of the UniversitySettlement.”

1920:It was reported today that “Dr. Israel J. Biskind and Dr. Joseph Sufrin of theAmerican Zionist Medical Unit have brought their families to Palestine fromAmerica in order to settle there.”

1920:“Who Is Jew in History?” published today described a review in The LondonJewish World of L’Anglais, est il Juif? by Louis Martin that “answers thisquestion in the affirmative” because “England belongs to the Jews” since theAnglo-Saxons were really Jews because “the term Saxon is nothing more nor lessthan an abbreviated form of Issac’s-son

1920:Birthdate of Zalman Lev Steinberg, the Moscow native who as Leo Steinbergbecame “one of the most brilliant, influential and controversial art historiansof the last half of the 20th century.”

1920:In London, the International Zionist Conference met for a third day, afterwhich the conference would hold no sessions for two days because of Shabbat andthe weekend.

1921:In Little Rock, AR “Randall Morris and Lucile (Kronberg) Falk gave birth to HUCordained Rabbi Randall Falk, the holder of a Doctor of Divinity Degree fromVanderbilt in Nashville where he led “Congregation Ohabai Sholom” while raisingthree children – Heidi, Randall and Jonathan – with his wife the former EdnaUnger.

1922:Thirty-year-old Cornell trained civil engineer Abraham Wallerstein Fuchs, theNew York City born son of Samuel and Ethel (Wallerstein) Fuch, who settled inBaltimore, MD married Hannah Gitlin today.

1922:The Philadelphia Inquirer described the career of Dr. M. H. Spare who had“directed the erection of a $35,000 building” to serve the needs of the Jewishcommunity of Chester, PA.

1922:It was reported today that “in a recent campaign” the Young Men’s and YoungWomen’s Hebrew Association of Camden have “increased their membership to1,000.”

1923:William Ormesby-Gore, the British representative on the Permanent MandatesCommission of the League of Nations told the House of Commons today “that ofthe 12,800 Jews who had emigrated to Palestine in 1922 only 200 were fromEnglish-speaking countries and that “for the first five months of 1923 34 outof a total of 4,000 emigrants were from such countries.”

1924(7thof Tammuz, 5684): Sixty-four-year-old Russian-born American labor statisticianand Yiddish language intellectual Isaac A. Hourwich passed away today.

1924: The Democratic National Convention, duringwhich DoctorStephen S. Wise, the Rabbi of the Free Synagogue had delivered the invocation”came to a close today.

1924: In theBrownsville section of Brooklyn, Russian Jewish immigrants Nathan and Dora(Siegel) Schatz gave birth to Brooklyn College graduate Sylvia Schatz, the wifeof Family Court judge Leon Deutsch who gained fame as “Sylvia Deutsch, the onlyperson ever to head two of New York City’s most powerful land-use agencies,posts that she used to expand housing, promote entertainment in Times Squareand usher in self-service gas stations…” (As reported by Douglas Martin)

1925(17th of Tammuz, 5685): Tzom Tammuz

1925: InCedarhurst, “a tea was held” this “afternoon in the interest of the Federationfor the Support of Jewish Philanthropic societies at the home of Mr. and Mrs.Leonard L. Stein” where Solomon Lowenstein, the executive director of thefederation spoke to the attendees.

1926: It was reported today that a new edition ofthe “Greenwich Village Follies” co-produced by Morris Green is scheduled toappear in late November or December of this year in New York.

1926: “Abie’s Rose” is playing at the Republic,

1926:Birthdate of Dr. Mathilde Krim, scientist and AIDS activist. She recognizedsoon after the first cases of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) werereported in 1981 that this new disease raised grave scientific and medicalquestions and that it might have important socio-political consequences. Shededicated herself to increasing the public's awareness of AIDS and to a betterunderstanding of its cause, its modes of transmission, and its epidemiologicpattern. . It was during her doctoral studies that Krim converted to Judaism,inspired in part by learning the truth about the Holocaust and in part by herassociation with Jews from Israel (then Palestine) who were studying at theUniversity. In 1953, Krim moved with her husband and daughter to Israel, whereshe found a position at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot. AtWeizmann, she contributed to studies that laid the foundation foramniocentesis, became one of the first experts in culturing cells, and studiedthe viruses thought to cause some forms of cancer. After moving to New York1958, she joined the research faculty at Cornell Medical College and later atSloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research. For many years, she was deeplyinvolved in the study of interferons, natural substances that were consideredpromising for the treatment of cancer. Just as the study of interferons wasfalling out of favor, AIDS was becoming a major public health concern. Krimleft full-time research and became involved in AIDS treatment and activism. In1985, she founded the AIDS Medical Foundation (AMF), the first privateorganization concerned with fostering and supporting AIDS research. In August,2000 she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilianhonor in the United States.

1927:Birthdate of Boston native Harriet Shapiro who gained game as actress SusanCabot

1928(21stof Tammuz, 5688): Talmudic scholar, Rabbi Shlomo Polachek passed away. Born in Grodna in 1877 when Jews constitutedalmost half of the city’s population he served as rosh yeshiva in Lida andBialystok before moving to the United States in 1922 to serve as Rosh Yeshivaat the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary (RIETS) the Rabbinical Schoolof Yeshiva University and its Yeshiva College, America's first yeshiva.

1928:Rabbi Irving F. Reicher of the Tremont in the Bronx officiated at “the funeralof 87-year-old Michael B. Abrahams a member of the New York Times for almosthalf a century” whom he eulogized as “a gentlemen in the highest and best senseof the word; a man of character and intellectual attainments who proved himselfworth of the highest achievements.”

1929(1stof Tammuz, 5689): Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1929:Writer and sculptor Alfred Dreyfus who was committed to the Manhattan StateHospital in 1928 was transferred to Dr. McDonald’s house at Central Valley, NY.

1929: Birthdate of King Hassan II of Morocco. King Hassan served as a “back channel” duringnegotiations between Israeli and Arab officials. He played a critical, if somewhat stillundefined role, in the Camp David Negotiations that led to the peace agreementbetween Israel and Egypt in 1973.

1930:At Michael Reiss Hospital in Chicago, Robert B. Bregman of Cleveland, Ohio andhis wife Claire Styne Bregman, the sister of songwriter Jule Styne gave birthto musical arranger and record producer Buddy Bregman who is the father of“Tracey Elizabeth Bregman, who plays Lauren Fenmore on Young & Restless andBold & Beautiful.”

1931:In Gadsden, Alabama, “Alvin Rosenbaum Lowi, who founded a chemical company, andthe former Janice Haas, a piano teacher and silent movie accompanist” gavebirth to Theodore Jay Lowi, the Professor in the Government Department ofCornell University whose students included “Israel Serigo-Waismel-Manor, alecturer at the University of Haifa.”

1932:Birthdate of Soviet refusenik Iosif “Yosef” Ziselovich Begun

1933:In North London, Dr. Samuel Sacks and Muriel Elsie Landau, one of the firstfemale surgeons in England gave birth to Oliver Wolf Sacks the neurologist andauthor who was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in2008.

1934:Two days after he passed away in Saratoga Springs, NY, Melvin Beilis was buriedat the Mount Carmel Cemetery in Queens which is also the final resting place ofSholem Aleichem and Leo Frank.

1934:“Dr. Franz Boas, head of the Department of Anthropology, Columbia University,who celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday today at his home, 230 FranklinAvenue, Grantwood, said behavior and not heredity is the prime factor in man'sbeing.”

1934(26thof Tammuz, 5694): Sixty-five-year-old Hungarian native and City Collegegraduate Herman Weiss an attorney and Republican State Assemblyman who was partof a bipartisan effort “to defeat Socialist Assemblyman Louis Waldman” and whowas president of the “Einigkelts Lodge of the I.O.B.A.” passed away today

1934: TheNational Convention of Young Judaea and the annualmeeting of the CentralTri-State Region of Young Judaea are scheduled are scheduled to come to a closetoday.

1935:“Dr. Lienhard Bergel, dismissed German instructor at the New Jersey College forWomen testified today before a special committee of the trustees of RutgersUniversity investigating the German Department of the women’s college, reiteratinghis contention that his dismissal was based on his no-conformity with thepro-Nazi views of Dr. F.J. Hauptmann, head of the department” and as part ofthat testimony he produced a pamphlet take from the library of the Women’sCollege that “contained passages expressing the Nazi opposition to the Jews ofGermany.”

1936: The Palestine Post reportedfrom London that Mr. Ormsby-Gore, the Colonial Secretary, admitted in the Houseof Commons that since the Palestine Government's expenditure on MoslemReligious Courts exceeded income, it was inevitable that the Jewish taxpayerhad contributed approximately £9,000 to the maintenance of the Moslem SupremeCouncil, while Jewish religious courts and the Chief Rabbinate received nosupport from the government. More British troops were transferred from Egypt toPalestine. Ha'aretz and Haboker dailies were suspended for five days for the"publication of false news, likely to create alarm and despondency"(the comment on the failure of the British troops and of the Palestine Policeto deal effectively with Arab disturbances).

1936:“The United States liner Manhattan arrived” at New York today “with 785passengers” of whom 100 were “Jewish refugees from Germany.”

1936:At Tannersville, NY, the convention of the Rabbinical Assembly of the JewishTheological Seminary of America “endorsed a special campaign for a nationalfund to plant 100,000 trees in Palestine to replace those destroyed during thecurrent disturbances” and “recommended that the next annual convention be heldin connection with the fiftieth anniversary of the Jewish TheologicalSeminary.”

1936:In Paris, Francois Pietri, the former Minister of Finance told the Chamber ofDeputies that “the International Olympic Committee had received assurances fromGerman sport authorities that there would be no discrimination against Jews andthat the Jews would be represented among the German athletes.”

1936(19thof Tammuz, 5696): Dr. George W. Bamberger, “a pioneer in bloodless surgery”passed today in Chicago, Illinois.

1936(19thof Tammuz, 5696): Zionist Morris Paul Tax passed away today in Milwaukee.Wisconsin.

1937:George Gershwin was rushed back to Cedars of Lebanon hospital after collapsingtonight at the home of lyricist Yip Harburg where they had been working on thescore of the “Goldwyn Follies.”

1938(10thof Tammuz, 5698): Famed jurist Benjamin Cardozo passed away. Cardozo was partof Sephardic family that had deep roots in the American experience. One of hisancestors fought in the American Revolution. Born in 1870 in New York, Cardozohad a long, distinguished career as an author on legal matters and a juristbefore being named an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court by Herbert Hooverin 1932. Cardozo was the second Jew to reach this height; the first being LouisD. Brandies. At one time, Cardozo was ranked as one of the "ten mostforemost judges in American Judicial history." Cardozo was an activemember of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in New York. During the 1930’s,with the rise of European anti-Semitism and Hitler, Cardozo became a publicsupporter of Palestine as a homeland for the Jews.

1938(10thof Tammuz, 5698): Eighty-year-old Calude Goldsmid Montefiore the son ofNathaniel Montefiore and the grandson of Sir I.L. Goldsmid passed away todaywho was one of the founders of Liberal (Reform) Judaism in the United Kingdompassed away today.

1938:Two seventeen year old Jewish hikers were stabbed and seriously wounded thismorning “while passing through an Arab village, a mile from Tel Aviv on themain Jaffa-Jerusalem road. They werestripped and left by the roadside until found by a passing motorist.” Theattack marked the end of bloody week in which Arab attackers had killed 12 Jewsand wounded another 24.

1939:“An eager army of 15,000 to 20,000 persons rolled eastward from the city todayin 3,000 cars, eighty-two chartered buses and two special trains to takepossession of the late Otto H. Kahn's estate at Woodbury, near here, in thename of the Department of Sanitation Welfare Honor Relief Fund.”

1939:Four days after had passed a way in Vienna, 78 year-old Dr. of JurisprudenceMarcus Ettinger, the Tarnow born son of Rebecca Shapiro and Isaak Ettinger andthe husband of Adele Ettinger who died atBergen-Belsen was laid to resttoday.

1939(22ndof Tammuz, 5699): Ukrainian born Boris Thomashefsky who came to the UnitedStates in 1881 where his singing and acting skills made him “one of the biggeststars in the Yiddish theatre” passed away today.

1940(3rdof Tammuz, 5700): Seventy-year-old JacobHarry Hollander, the Baltimore born son of “Meyer and Rosa (Meyer) Hollanderwho became a “full professor” at his at alma mater Johns Hopkins and who wasthe husband of “Theresa Gutman Hutzler” with he had three children – Rosamund,David and Bertha – passed away today.

1940: With the end of the subscription series of the PalestineSymphony Orchestra the musical season has closed. Thirteen series have beenpresented this year in Tel Aviv, Haifa, and Jerusalem--compared to the tenseries of former years. Special programs for the colonies

1940:Between today and the end of August, 2,139 Jewish and Gentile Poles receivedvisas from the Japanese.

1941:Birthdate of Yosef Shiloach, the native of Iranian Kurdisan and Israeli actorwho made Aliyah at the age of 9.

1941(14thof Tammuz, 5701): In Liepāja, Latvia, Erhard Grauel, a detachment ofEinsatzkommando 2 under the command of Erhard Grauel, murdered another 100 people today, most ofwhom were Jews.

1941: Birthdate of Bobby Frankel, one of the most successfulAmerican thoroughbred trainers, whose horses included the champions Bertrando,Ghostzapper and Empire Maker, the winner of the 2003 Belmont Stakes.

1941(14thof Tammuz, 5701): Seventy-three-year-old Zionist leader David Jochelman whoopposed the offer of Uganda as a Jewish home and spent WW I in London where hefounded the Jewish War Victims’ Fund and the Russo-Jewish War Fund passed awaytoday.

1941:During the invasion of the Soviet Union, Zhitomir, a city in the Ukraine withpre-war Jewish population of 29,503 was seized by the Nazis.

1941:Hungary invaded the eastern Ukraine. Hungary was an ally of Nazi Germany duringthe war. Hungary's Jews suffered at the hand of homegrown anti-Semites.But eventually Eichman arrived and the full weight of the Final Solution fell,first in the countryside in places like Sighet and later in the big cities,most notably Budapest.

1942(24thof Tammuz, 5702): Eighty-two year old German historian Ernst Bernheim who losthis career during the Nazi era because he was classified as a Jew died today.

1942:Anne Frank’s family went into hiding in an attic above her father’s office inan Amsterdam warehouse.

1942:Jewish partisan Vitka Kempnerreturns to the Vilna Ghetto, having successfully planted a land mine and blownup the engine and ammunition cars of a German military train.

1943(6thof Tammuz, 5703): Sixty-year-old Isidore Goudeket, the Amsterdam native who waspart of the Dutch gymnastic at the 1908 Summer Olympics was murdered today atSobibor.

1943:Operation Husky began tonight as Allied troops began landing in Sicily. The Germans and Italians were not expectingthe landings thanks, in large part, to Operation Mincemeat. Operation Mincemeat was one of the mostsuccessful acts of subterfuge carried during World War II. It was mastermind by Edwin Montagu, a Colonelin the British Army who belonged to of the UK’s most distinguished Jewishfamilies. Operation Mincemeat convincedthe Germans that the invasion would come at Greece or Sardinia and not theisland off the toe of the Italian Boot.For more about this you might want to see “The Man Who Never Was” orread the recently published Operation Mincemeat by Ben Macintyre.

1944: Responding to Alliedpressure, especially threats to hold Hungary’s leadership responsible for theshipment of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz prompted Admiral Miklos Horthy,Hungary's regent, to stop deportations.

1944: Jack Simonowitzand the former Rose Cohen gave birth to Evelyn May Simonowitz who gained fameas Evelyn Lieberman who was “the first woman to serve as deputy chief of staffto a U.S. President” and “banished” Monica Lewinskey “to a job outside theWhite House.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1944:Raoul Wallenberg arrived in Budapest where he presented visas for 630 HungarianJews. Raoul Wallenberg was one of the greatest human beings in history. ThisSwedish national risked his life over and over again to save the Jews ofHungary. With only Chutzpah, Courage and a fair stash of cash, this man faceddown the Nazi murder machine and made it give up some of its Jews. He is livingproof that one person can make a difference. I have never been able to find anysatisfactory reason why he risked his life for this thankless undertaking. Inthe end, the Soviets entered Budapest and took him away to a fate that is stillunknown. That the world remained silent while Six Million perished is anoft-told tale. That the world (specifically the governments of the Alliedpowers) did not push for this man’s release is a permanent stain.

1944:Today the “Kasztner Rescue Train” which had left Budapest on June 30thwas diverted to Bergen Belsen today. [For more see Gaylen Ross’ 2 Disc Dvd of “Killing Kasztner” which is nowavailable on Amazon

1944:Ed Koch, the future Mayor of New York, who was fighting with U.S. Army inEurope wrote in his diary: “Patrolling today. Our object was to get out of aforest. We had to go from cover to cover. I hid behind a tree and assumed theprone position. Lt. Reed came over with the Lt. Col. and said, “Koch, on whatside of a tree do you aim from,” I said, “On the right side.” He said, “So whatthe hell are you doing on the left side?”

1945;Birthdate of Donald Lee “Don” Novick, the native of Cheyenne, Wyoming whoseculinary skill and generosity would make him an unsung hero of the Cedar RapidsJewish community before his untimely death.

1945:Birthdate of Rabbi Gene Levy, the spiritual leader, in the truest sense of thatterm, of Temple B’Nai Israel in Little Rock, AR.

1945:Sixty-three-year-old Amalie ("Emma") Henriette Jessen the widow ofGerman historian Ernst Bernheim who lost his career during the Nazi era becausehe was classified as a Jew passed away today.

1946:Today, Dr. Joseph Tenenbaum, the President of the American Federation forPolish Jews sent a cablegram to August Cardinal Hlond asking him “to raise thevoice of the Catholic Church against pogroms such as last week’s massacre ofJews in Kielce.”

1946:Today, President Truman had a final exchange of views with his cabinetcommittee on Palestine prior to their departure tomorrow for London where theywill hold “high level consultations with British authorities.

1946:“Well-informed Vatican circles said today they did not yet know anting about aJerusalem report that the Palestine problems was to be submitted to the Pope.”

1947:Today, the day on which Noah Klieger was supposed to lead of a group of DP’sacross France to the port of Sete, plans were upset because “the Frenchtrucking union opened a nationwide strike for higher wages and built roadblockades on all mainline roads.”

1948:During the War of Independence, Egyptian artillery opened fire on KfarDarom. This was followed by an attack led by an armored column andinfantry. When the Egyptians entered the settlement they found that theJews had already decamped. Goliath had beaten David, but it was a pyrrhicvictory, since the defenders had upset the Egyptian timetable for taking TelAviv. This military action took place during what was supposed to be a fourweek cease fire between the Arabs and the Israelis.

1948:The four week cease fire between the Israelis and the invading Arab armies wasset to end. The Arabs rejected attemptsby Count Bernadotte, the U.N. envoy, to extend the cease fire for another tendays.

1948:Israeli forces launched Operation Danny, an offensive designed “to captureterritory east of Tel Aviv” and then open the road to Jerusalem in a bid tobreak the Arab stranglehold on the city. The offensive was named after DannyMass, the commander of “Convoy 35” and was under the command of Yigal Allon andYitzhak Rabin. The undertrained andpoorly armed Jewish forces were up against the Arab Legion, the elite Britishtrained army of Jordan. The ultimate keyto victory would in the need to capture the seemingly impregnable Arab positionat Latrun. “Convoy 35” refers to an attempt made by a detachment of Haganahtroopers to bring supplies to the Gush Etzion kibbutzim in January of1948. Thirty-five died in the attemptand many of their bodies were mutilated beyond recognition.

1948:Israeli forces launched an all-night bombardment as part of an attempt tore-take the Old City.

1948(2ndof Tammuz): Twenty-six-year-old Robert “Bob” Vickman a WW II veteran of theUSAAF who was a member of 101 Squadron died today while fighting againstaircraft from the REAF.

1948:The fifth Israeli attack on the Egyptian-held police fort of Iraq Suwaydan cameto an end with the installation still in the hands of the Arabs.

1948: Mordechai Weingarten “was chosen to meet Abdullah el Tell,now the Jordanian Military Commander of the Old City, to discuss the release ofthe prisoners taken in the Jewish Quarter, the burial of bodies left in theQuarter, and the rescue of any Scrolls of the Law that had survived.”

1949(12thof Tammuz, 5709): Parashat Chukat-Balak

1949(12thof Tammuz, 5709): New York native and Zionist Mrs. Ray F. Schwartz, theexecutive director of the YWHA in New York City from 1917 to 1942 passed awaytoday in her hometown.

1949:“Lebanon Accepts Israel’s Bid” published today tells of a decision by thegovernment of Lebanon to “accept Israel’s request for help in reuniting Arabfamilies separated as a result of” the war which began in 1948.

1950(24thof Tammuz, 5710): Seventy-six-year-old Norman Friedenwald, the son of BerthaBamberger and Aaron Friedenwald who were married in 1863, the husband ofBeatrice Shewbrook and the father of Norman Friedenwald, Jr. passed away today.

1950:The Notre Dame Alumni Association made a contribution to the United JewishAppeal to aid in the settlement of homeless Jews in Israel.

1950:In Israel, 100 orderlies joined 2,000 nurses who were already on strike. Both groups are “demanding better workingconditions.”

1951:Australia, South Africa and the United Kingdom ended their state of war withGermany today.

1951:Haifa native Ivry “Gitlis made his debut in Paris, playing a recital at the'Salle Gaveau', sponsored by the music manager.”

1951: The Jerusalem Post reportedthat Jerusalem was assured of a regular supply of ice for domestic purposesfrom outside of the city and that the government granted a subsidy, due to thecost of the transport of ice from the coast. The Jerusalem Program for Zionism,replacing the Basel Program drawn up at the First Zionist Congress in 1897, wasdrawn up for the 23rd Zionist Congress to be held in Jerusalem on August 14.

1952:In Hollywood, CA, Nicholas M. Schenck of New York, president of Loew’s, Inc.outlined plans for the company’s first sweeping economy move since the GreatDepression which included an immediate pay cut of 25 to 50 percent for anyexecutive making more than $1,000 a week.

1954:“Apache,” with music by David Raskin was released today in the United States.

1955(19thof Tammuz, 5715): Parashat Pinchas

1955(19thof Tammuz, 5715): Eighty-six-year-old Chicago born Albert Pick, Sr. the founderof what has become the Pick Hotels Corporation which is now headed by his sonAlbert Pick, Jr and the father of Mrs. Gertrude Edmunds passed away today inMiami Beach, FL.

1955:Today “just two weeks before the Big Four…are scheduled to meet at Geneva”where nuclear disarmament will be an agenda item, pacifist Earl Russell isscheduled to released “a statement on nuclear weapons by Dr. Albert Einstein”which the Nobel Prize winner had given him shortly before his death.

1955: TheRussell-Einstein Manifesto was released by Bertrand Russell in London. The manifesto wasan attempt by the “peace advocates” to deescalate the Cold War by callingattention to the dangers of nuclear weapons.It contained a call for an international conference to deal with issuesof nuclear disarmament. The Einstein inthe manifesto was Albert Einstein who died shortly after the manifesto wasissued.

1956(1stof Av, 5716): Rosh Chodesh Av

1956:Today, in what was seen as a partial victory for Jews and others seekinggovernment jobs in the state of New York, “the controversial practice ofinquiring about the religion of an applicant for a probation officer’s job withthe Domestic Relations Court has been abandoned.”

1957(10thof Tammuz, 5717): Fifty-five year old Maxwell Abbell, the Polish born son ofMorris and Freida Abell, husband of Fannie Abell with whom he had five childrenand Harvard graduate who worked as an accountant in Chicago until he passed theIllinois bar 1938 after which he became the “owner of hotels and buildingsthroughout the United States” and a leader in the Jewish community as can beseen by his service as “vice president of theAmerican-Palestine Trading Corporation,” President of the United Synagoguesof America and trustee of the JNF passed away today.

1957:“Loving You” the first of Elvis Presley’s musicals directed Hal Kanter whoco-wrote the screenplay and produced by Hal B. Wallis and with music by WalterScharf was released today in the United States (Editor’s Note – Elvis was notJewish but all of the others were.

1958:Shayetet 13 operatives infiltrated Beirut harbor in Operation Yovel. They werediscovered, and a gunfight and chase ensued. The commandos were able to retreatwithout any casualties.

1959:“The movement of a few Jews from Communist Rumania to Israel via Viennacontinued today” as “three families alighted from the Orient Express fromBucharest.

1961:Israel officially recognized South Korea.

1961:This afternoon at Temple Israel in Lawrence, Long Island, Rabbi Joel W. Zionand Cantor David Benedict officiated at the wedding of Carole Joyce Katz andCharles Jacob Hujsa who is working on a doctorate at NYU while working “withthe Professional Examination Service of the American Public Health Association.

1962:“Yossele Schumacher, who was reunited with both his parents last night for thefirst time in more than two years,” is scheduled to take the stand today “inJerusalem District Court in the trial of a couple charged with hiding himbefore he was spirited out of Israel.”

1962:Bob Dylan (Robert Allen Zimmerman) recorded the folk music classic “Blowin inthe Wind” today.

1962:Funeral services are scheduled to held this afternoon in Forest Hills, NY forRobert Herbert Shapiro, the husband of Shirley Shapiro and the father of Jerryad Richard Shapiro.

1962:Birthdate of New York native and Ivy League educated (Penn and Harvard Law)investor Steve Eisman who gained fame after appearing The Big Short by MichaelLewis which provided the fodder for the film of the same name that exposed thesub-prime market and who is a vocal opponent of “for profit colleges” – theeducational equivalent of the sub-prime cesspool.

1963(17thof Tammuz, 5723): Unbeknownst to anybody, last observance of Tzom Tammuz duringthe Presidency of John Kennedy.

1963(17thof Tammuz, 5723): Eighty-eight-year-old Lawrence A. Tanzer, the Ivy Leagueeducated lawyer (Harvard and Columbia University Law School) the son of Arnoldand Ida Tanzer and husband of Florence Keller Tanzer with whom he had twodaughters who was a civic reformer and a driving force behind creation of thecity charter that was in effect until January of this year, passed away today.

1964:Mr. and Mrs. Zeev Jabotinsky are scheduled to be reinterred in a Jerusalemcemetery today.

1964(29thof Tammuz, 5724): Eighty-year-old Chicago born University of Michigan alum andadvertising executive Louis H. Hartman who began his career with Lord andThomas in 1922 and who raised bees while raising his son Robert with his wifeAnn Hoffman Hartman, passed away today.

1965(9thof Tammuz, 5725): Seventy-one-year-old Alvin Thalheimer, the holder of an A.Bfrom Harvard and PhD from Johns Hopkins who became “a vice president of theAmerican Trading and Production Corporation and chairman of the MarylandWelfare Board” while raising a son, Herbert, with his wife Fanny BlaustenThalheimer, passed away in his hometown, Baltimore, MD.

1967(1stof Tammuz, 5727: Rosh Chodesh Tammuz

1967:Mezzo-soprano Jennie Tourel joined Leonard Bernstein for aconcert on Jerusalem's Mount Scopus to celebrate the end of the Six-Day War. Itwas a moment that brought together several of the themes of her life: music,dedication to Israel, and work with prominent composers and conductors. Born inVitebsk, Belorussia (now Belarus) in 1900, she trained as a singer in Paris,where she debuted at the Opéra Comique in 1933. She won acclaim for herperformance of the title role in Bizet's Carmen. For nearly a decade,she was the star of the Opéra Comique, singing the roles of Charlotte inMassenet's Werther and the title role in Thomas's Mignon. FleeingParis just a week before the Nazi invasion, Tourel made her way to New York viaPortugal, Cuba, and Canada. Though at first she had trouble finding work, sheeventually impressed a musical agent who arranged an audition with theconductor Arturo Toscanini. Toscanini, in turn, hired her to sing with the NewYork Philharmonic, and she soon appeared with the Boston Symphony Orchestra andthe Philadelphia Orchestra as well. Later, Leonard Bernstein wrote the JeremiahSymphony especially for her voice, and Tourel performed it all over theworld. In her late forties, Tourel became well-known as a song recitalist.Though she had received critical and popular acclaim for her work in opera, herperformances of French, German, and Russian songs, including Ravel's Shéhérazade,Mussorgsky's Songs and Dances of Death, and works by Schubert andSchumann, gained her an even wider circle of fans. At an age when many singersretire, Tourel continued to give acclaimed performances to eager audiences. Shecontinued to perform until past the age of seventy. In addition to performingall over the world, Tourel taught at New York's Juilliard School, and annuallyat the Samuel Rubin Academy of Music in Jerusalem. In 1949, she became one ofthe first internationally-known artists to visit the infant Jewish state.Following that first visit, she remained involved in the musical life ofIsrael, with frequent visits and master classes. Tourel died on November 23, 1973. LeonardBernstein paid her tribute in a eulogy at her funeral, saying, ‘when Jennieopened her mouth, God spoke.’” (JWA)

1967:INS Eilat, a Z Class destroyer commanded by Yitzhak Shushan, set sail due westtoward the Sinai coast.

1967:Ninety-three-year-old Dr. Eugene Fisher the member of the Nazi Party who wasappointed rector of the Frederick William University of Berlin by Adolf Hitler,who provided the basis for many of Nazi policies on eugenics and who escapedprosecution by whitewashing his record, passed away today.

1968:In the United States Polish born Jew Jacob Felder and Hungarian born Jewess EvaSurek Felder gave birth to multi-dimensional musician Hershey Felder who hascreated dramatic persona of such musical giants as Gershwin, Chopin, andLeonard Bernstein.

1969: Egyptian commandos raid an Israeli tankdepot, killing 8, wounding nine and taking one prisoner.

1969:Twenty-two year old Israeli singer/song writer Mike Brant, who had changed hisname from Moshe in an attempt to increase his appeal, arrived in Paris todaywhere he was told he could meet a producer who would further his music career.

1969:“Spotlight on Israeli Products” published described items such as “suede coastin a rainbow of colors, pleated skirts that look like fabrics but are actuallyleather, Sabra Girl pantyhose and hand-carved menorahs” all of which “bear thelabel Made Israel” which are “on sale at B. Atlman during the storie’smonth-long spotlight on products from Israel.

1970(5thof Tammuz, 5730): Fifty-four-year-old Long Island College of Medicine trainedDr. Jacob Halpern, the “attending physician in internal medicine and head ofthe endocrine clinic at Long Island College Hospital” who raised four children– David, Philip, Joseph and Susan – with his wife “the former Dr. Helen Bliss.”

1970: “Where’s Poppa?” a comedy starring GeorgeSegal and Ron Leibman directed by Carl Reiner who cast his son Rob as “Roger”was released in the United States today.

1970: A London revival production of a musical “witha book by Moss Hart” and lyrics co-written by Oscar Hammerstein II opened todayat the Drury Lane Theatre.

1972(27th of Tammuz, 5732): Eighty-fouryear old Colonel Wilfred Horatio Micholls, the Paddington born son of Ada andEdward Montefiore Micholls passed away today in Devon.

1973: The Ninth Maccabiah games open inTel Aviv, Israel.

1974(19thof Tammuz, 5734): Seventy-year-old Lithuanian born “choreographer and danceteacher” Sonia Gaskell who in 1939 move to her husband’s home in theNetherlands where she survived the war and continued teaching until she passedaway today in Paris.

1975:“Smile” a satirical comedy with a screenplay by Jerry Belson that MarvinHamlisch would convert into a 1986 Broadway musical was released today in theUnited States.

1976:The Jerusalem Post reported on thetragic fate of Dora Bloch, who held both British and Israeli citizenship, andwho remained at a Ugandan hospital after all the other hijacked Israelis werefreed by the Entebbe IDF operation. She ominously disappeared from the hospitalafter having been visited by a British official, one day after the Israeliraid, and was suspected of having been later murdered. Israel cited this caseat the UN as an apparent example of Ugandan complicity in the high jacking ofthe Air France plane.

1976(11thof 5736): Eighty-two-year-old Columbus, OH native and Ohio State Universitygraduate Jeffrey L. Lazarus Sr., honorary chairman and former president ofShillito's Department Store in Cincinnati” and husband of Adelaide Lazaruspassed away today.

1976:In response to the demands of African governments, the UN Security Council ismet today “to take up their charge that Israel’s recuse of hijacked hostages atEntebbe airport in Uganda was a case of ‘wanton aggression.’”

1976:In Highland Park, Illinois, Joanne and Lewis Savage gave birth to actorFrederick Aaron “Fred” Savage the older brother of actor Ben Savage and actressKala Savage.

1978:After 147 performances a revival of David Merrick’s “Hello Dolly starring CarolChanning came to a close at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre.

1979:A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed "Nazi hunters" Serge andBeate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claimsresponsibility.

1981: The 11thMaccabiah Games in which “3,500 athletes from 35 countries are participating”continued for a fourth day.

1981(7thof Tammuz, 5741): Seventy-five-year-old American author best known for writingCompulsion, the novel about the Leopold and Loeb murder case which was thebasis for successful dramatic and cinematic adaptions passed away today inJerusalem.

1986(2ndof Tammuz, 5746): Seventy-five-year-old journalist, author and politicalscience professor Harold Isaacs passed away today. (As reported by Jane Perlez)

1989(6thof Tammuz, 5749): Ninety-two-year-old New York born Columbia University Schoolof Journalism graduate Elliott Maxwell Sanger, the husband of Elkan Naumburgwith whom he had two sons --Elliot, Jr. and Kenneth – and a co-founder of “asmall 250 watt radio station WQXR-FM (originally the Interstate BroadcastingCompany) above a garage in Long Island City” who was an early advocate for FMradio, “an interviewer in oral histories for the American Jewish Committee andthe author of the 1973 book, Rebel in Radio: The Story of WQXR,published by Hastings House passed away today.

1991:Playwright Ariel Dorfman’s “Death and the Maiden” premiered at the Royal CourtTheatre today.

1991:In Red Bank, NJ, Eileen and Steve Kalish gave birth to major league left-handedpitcher Jacob Louis Kalish, the brother of major league outfielder Ryan Kalish.

1993(20thof Tammuz, 5753): Rabbi Yehuda N. Mandelbaum of the Talmudical Academy ofBaltimore passed away today.

1993(20thof Tammuz, 5753): Sixty-seven-year-old television producer and director StevePrevin, the brother Andre Previn passed away today.

1995:The New York Times published reviews of books by Jewish authors or of specialinterest to Jewish readers including Sparring with Hemingway and OtherLegends of the Fight Game by Budd Schulberg.

1997:Michael Eitan succeeded Benjamin Netanyahu as Minister of Science andTechnology

1998:ABC broadcast the final episode of “Prey” a sci-fi television series starringDebra Messing.

1999: U.S.premier of “American Pie,” the first in a series of coming-of-age teen moviesproduced and directed Paul Weitz and Chris Weitz, featuring Eugene Levy as NoahLevenstein and Eli Marienthal as Matt Stifler

2000: TheNew York Times features reviews books by Jewish authors and/or of specialinterest to Jewish readers including Oberammergau: The Troubling Story ofthe World's Most Famous Passion Play by James Shapiro and Freud’sMegalomania by Israel Rosenfield.

2001:President George Bush awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom to 11 peopleincluding A.M. Rosenthal of the New York Times and Katherine Graham of theWashington Post.

2001: Hamastook credit for today’s bombing at the Kussufim border crossing.

2001(18thof Tammuz, 5761)(Capt. Shai Shalom Cohen, 22, of Pardes Hanna, was killed andanother soldier was wounded when an explosive charge detonated beneath theirjeep after leaving the Aduraim IDF base south of Hebron.

2001(18thof Tammuz, 5761): Eighty-three-year-old “Morris H. Bergreen, a lawyer,businessman and administrator who as president of the Skirball Foundationoversaw the donation of millions of dollars to New York University, theSkirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles” passed away today. (As reported by EricPace)

2001: “Playinga Bit of Wagner Sets Off an Uproar in Israel” published today described thereaction to Daniel Barenboim’s decision to use a piece by the German composerat a Jerusalem concert.

2002: Aproduction of “Pacific Overtures,” “a musical written by Stephen Sondheim andJohn Weidman” set in Japan when the Americans were arriving in 1853 opened atAvery Fisher Hall at Lincoln Center.

2002: Moshe"Bogie" Ya'alon was appointed IDF Chief of Staff.

2002: Today,two days after he had passed away funeral services are scheduled to held inYounkers, NY for eighty-two-year-old Israel Melman, “a pioneer in thedevelopment of radio, color television, infrared communications, computerinformatics and the internet” who was the husband of Esther Melman and thefather of two doctors and one rabbi – Martin, Daniel and Baruch Melman –followed by internment in Hawthorne, NY.

2002: “ZigZag,” a movie treatment of the novel directed by David S. Goyer was released inthe United States today.

2003: “MahmoudAbbas, the Palestinian prime minister, battled rival Palestinian leaders todayto retain control of negotiations with Israel over a new American-backed peaceplan, threatening to quit to face down a storm of criticism that he had gainedlittle for renouncing violence.” (As reported by James Bennet

2004: Afterpremiering in Los Angeles, “Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy” a comedyproduced by Judd Apatow and co-starring Paull Rudd was released throughout theUnited States.

2004(20thof Tammuz, 5764: Sixty-six-year-old Rudy “Roughhouse Rudy” LaRusso theDartmouth grad who went on career in the NBA passed away today.

2005(2ndof Tammuz, 5765): Parashat Tammuz

2005: Israelisoldiers assigned “to defend the construction work on the separation barrierIsrael is building” “arrested 10 Palestinians today” “including 6 who were saidto be members of the militant Islamic Jihad - 3 in Jenin and 3 in Hebron.”

2006(13thof Tammuz, 5766): Alan Senitt, a 27-year-old political activist from northLondon who was being prepped for a glittering career, was stabbed to death inGeorgetown. Policesaid he was trying to protect his female companion when they were targeted byarmed robbers as they walked home in Washington DC. The former chairman of theUnion of Jewish Students (UJS), Senitt had moved to the US to work on DemocratMark Warner's presidential campaign.

2007:“A Tale of Two Gordons” published today.

2007:Ryan Kalish was named New York Penn – League Player for the week startingtoday.

2007:“Spielberg on Spielberg’ – a 90 minute documentary about the celebrated filmmaker – appears on TCM, The Turner Classic Movies Channel.

2007:In “Bishop mourns Latin decree, Jews ask for clarity,” published today,The Washington Post reported that “adecree by Pope Benedict allowing priests to say the old Latin Mass morefrequently has sparked criticism within both Catholic and Jewish ranks… Some Jewish leaders have sharply criticized the decree,which revives a passage from the old Latin prayer book for Good Friday callingfor Jews to be converted. Others, however, took a more measured tone and calledfor clarification. “I think there are those who have interpreted it in anextremely alarmist fashion,’ Rabbi David Rosen of the American Jewish Committee(AJC) told Reuters.’ That doesn't mean that there aren't things that needclarification but there is no question of Pope Benedict's commitment torespectful relations with the Jewish people.’ The AJC's Rome representative,Lisa Palmieri-Billig, said the text of the decree was ambiguous on the issue.Church officials however had no doubt the prayer could now be said in certaincirc*mstances, even if its use would probably be rare. ‘I find it difficult tobelieve that the Pope would permit the Good Friday prayer, it could be acommunication mistake,’ Palmieri-Billig said. ‘Conversion is a very sensitiveissue for Jews and if the prayer is allowed, it would be a step backwards fordialogue.’ French Cardinal Jean-Pierre Ricard, who warned last year againstmeeting traditionalists' demands for the Latin mass, said on Saturday theprayer could be changed if it caused difficulties with Jews.”

2007: In a nighttimegathering, some 30,000 people including about 5,000Negev residents attended the "We are all Sderot" solidarity concertat Rabin Square in Tel Aviv, to show support for the residents of Sderot andother communities bordering the Gaza Strip, who live under the constant threatof Qassam rocket fire.

2007:French-Israeliwriter Andre Chouraqui, known for his French-language translation of the Bibleand his work in government in Israel, passed away at the age of 89 at his homein Jerusalem.

2008: In Washington, D.C., Robert Wexler a six-term U.S. congressman from Florida,discusses and signs Fire-BreathingLiberal: How I Learned to Survive (and Thrive) in the Contact Sport of Congress(written with David Fisher) at Borders Books.

2008: TedKoppel’sfour-partDiscovery Channel series, “The People’s Republic of Capitalism,” whichillustrates how dramatically China has changed begins with three otherinstallments at the same time on successive nights.

2008: At Temple Sinai inRoslyn, NY, funeral services were held for Brenda “Bunny” Koppelman the wife ofCharles Koppelman.

2008: ProfessorSarah Stroumsa of the departments of Arabic Language and Literature and ofJewish Thought has been elected by the Senate of the Hebrew University ofJerusalem as the institution’s new rector.

2009:“The House Homeland Security Committee today will consider the TransportationSecurity Workforce Enhancement Act of 2009, introduced earlier this year byRep. Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.). The bill gives workers the option to join a union,codifies veterans preference in hiring and whistleblower protections.” (Asreported by Ed O’Keefe)

2009:The Jerusalem Film Festival features a screening of “A Matter of Size,” a filmabout a group of disillusioned dieting Jews from Ramla who, through the effortsof one of their cohorts named Herzl and his Japanese employer, learn about thewonders of Sumo wrestling which liberates them physically and spiritually.

2009(17thof Tammuz, 5769): Tzom Tammuz:

2010: Chief ofGeneral Staff Lt.-Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi and Defense Minister Ehud Barak announceda round of new appointments within the General Staff. The IDF military attachéin Washington, DC, Maj.-Gen Benny Gantz, will be next deputy chief of generalstaff, in place of Maj.-Gen Dan Harel. Two other contenders for the top postwere OC Northern Command Maj.-Gen. Gadi Eizenkot and OC Southern CommandMaj.-Gen. Yoav Galant. They will remain in their positions for another year,although there is a possibility that Galant will be appointed head of GroundForces Command. Barak and Ashkenazi also decided that Maj.-Gen. Amos Yadlin,head of Military Intelligence, will remain in his post for a fifth year.Defense officials have said that disagreements between Ashkenazi and Barak havebeen holding up a final decision on the new appointments. Ashkenazi was said tohave favored Eizenkot as his deputy. Barak was said to have preferred Gantz.

2010: The 7thAICE Australian Film Festival is scheduled to show “Samson and Delilah” in TelAviv.

2010: The Schalits expressed their disappointment when they left their meetingwith Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu today

2010(27th of Tammuz, 5770) RabbYehuda Amital, the Rosh Yeshiva ofYeshivat Har Etzion and a former member of the Israeli cabinet passed awaytoday.

2011: Jennifer Chadick is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a BatMitzvah at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA.

2011: William “Bill” Gasway, a pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish communityand an all-around “good guy” and his grandsons Adam & Sam, are eachscheduled to be called to the Torah in Door County, Wisconsin as part of aTriple Header Bar Mitzvah. Bill joins the comedian Henny Youngman in provingage is no bar to celebrating a Bar Mitzvah.

2011(7th of Tammuz): Yahrzeit of Rabbi Pinchas Horowitz

2011: In Detroit, Michigan, Isaac Agree Downtown Synagogue is scheduled tocombine religious observance with popular culture in an evening of Havdalah andThe Difference, a music revue.

2011: A senior Hamas official hinted today that captured IDF soldier Gilad Shalitis still alive, Channel 10 reported.

2012: If Dani Dayan, the head of the settlers’ Yesha Council has his way avote of confidence will be held today to decide if there is popular support for“his pragmatic strategy.”

2012: A day-long Golf Classic sponsored by B'nai B'rith Great Lakes Regionis scheduled to take place at the Wabeek Country Club.

2012: “The Sephardic Divas” and the band Ofir are scheduled to perform atthe Inaugural Gibraltar World Music Festival. (As reported by MordechaiShinefield)

2012: The Israel Air Force fire on two Hamas targets in the Gaza Strip latetonight, according to Ynet. The outlet first quoted Palestinian sources, thennoted that the IDF Spokesman’s Office had confirmed the air strikes. One targetwas in Rafiah and the other was Khan Younis, according to Palestinian rescueservices.

2012:Non-Orthodox US Jews below the age of 35 aremore attached to Israel than those aged 35-44, but are skeptical about Israelipolicies concerning the Palestinians, according to a recent survey..

2012: “The Levy Report, officially called Report on the Legal Status ofBuilding in Judea and Samaria an 89-pagereport on West Bank settlements authored by a three member committee headed byformer Israeli Supreme Court justice Edmund Levy was published today.

2013: Paula “Abdul was a guest judge on So You Think You Can Dance.”

2013: Hebrew Glosses and Notes by Marco Luzzatto Occurring in His ItalianTranslation of Menasseh Ben Israel's "Conciliator," was digitizedtoday.

2013: “Sukkah City” is among thefilms scheduled to be shown today at the 30th Annual Jerusalem FilmFestival.

2013: “Claims Conference board members Natan Sharansky, chairman of theJewish Agency for Israel, and Ronald Lauder, president of the World JewishCongress, demanded today that, to maintain independence, any such futureinvestigation must be composed mainly of representatives of the State of Israeland of Jewish groups that do not sit on the Claims Conference board.” (Asreported by Paul Berger)

2013:The British Association for Jewish Studies AnnualConference is scheduled to come to an end today.

2013: Ravid Kahalani, an Israeli born Yemenite Jew, is scheduled to performat City Winery in New York City.

2013 Hezbollah blamed Israel for a powerful car bomb blastedthe illusive quiet in a Hezbollah area of Beirut t0day, wounding at least 50people. No deaths have been reported, despite initial accounts that “oneto several” people died in the explosion. (As reported by Tzvi Ben-Gedalyahu)

2013: IDFtroops found the remains today of the first rocket to be fired from Egypt sincethe July 3 overthrow of the Islamist government there, a military officialsaid.

2013: A haredisoldier was attacked by dozens of haredi men tonight in the ultra- OrthodoxJerusalem neighborhood of Mea She’arim.

2014: InPortland, Oregon, Congregation Ahavath Achim is scheduled to show “The LongestJourney,” a cinematic tribute to the lost Jewish community of Rhodes.

2014:According to reports today, filming of “Woman in Gold” was underway in LosAngeles.

2014: TheAgudas Achim Sisterhood is scheduled to “provide signs, pompoms and cheers” aspart of “Sisterhood Night at the Ball Park.

2014:“President-elect Reuven Rivlin, Chief Rabbi Lau, and an assembly of interfaithleader called today for an end to violence which has engulfed southern Israeland Gaza in recent days. "Stop the cycle of violence and prevent furtherharm to innocent lives." (As reported by Kobi Nachshoni)

2014: “Barringany unusual developments, three of the six suspects arrested for the murder ofMohammed Abu Khdeir will be released on a seven-day house arrest tomorrow, thePetah Tikva Magistrate's Court decided today.” (As reported by Aviel Magnezi)

2014(11thof Tammuz, 5774): Ninety-two-year-old Holocaust survivor, successfulbusinessman and generous philanthropist David Azrieli passed away today.

2014: “CodeRed sirens blared across southern and central Israel tonight, from Ashkelon toGan Yavne, as Gaza militants resumed their rocket-launching activities.”,7340,L-4540776,00.html

2014(11th of Tammuz, 5774):Ninety-year old “Robert Stein, who helped expand the scope of women’s magazinesas editor in chief of McCall’s and Redbook in the early stages of the modernwomen’s movement, publishing articles about race and politics and introducing readersto the nascent writings of feminist leaders like Betty Friedan and GloriaSteinem,” passed away today.

2015: “Following a lawsuit from Haaretz andYedioth Ahronoth a gag was lifted that made it possible for an Israeli securitysource to tell reports that twenty-eight year old “Ethiopian-born IsraeliMengistu” from Ashkelon who crossed the border into Gaza for unknown reasons inSeptember “is alive and being kept by Hamas in Gaza. (As reported by Ave Lewis,Judah Ari Gorss and Raphael Ahren)

2015: The Center for Jewish History isscheduled to host Shelly Oria, a “New York based Israeli author, who will readfrom her best-selling debut New York 1, Tel Aviv 0, and talk aboutwriting between the here and there of spaces and languages, about theamalgamating Israeli and American literary influences on her work, and more.”

2015: “The opening of the JerusalemInternational Film Festival was punctuated tonight by booing for Culture andSports Minister Miri Regev (Likud) and remembrances for Lia Van Leer, thedoyenne of the country’s film scene who died earlier this year.”

2015(22nd of Tammuz, 5775): Seventy-four-year-old“stockbroker-turned-composer Michael Masser” passed away today. (As reported bySam Roberts)

2015: Center for Jewish History, AmericanJewish Historical Society and Leo Baeck Institute are scheduled to host theevent marking the opening the exhibition “Allied in the Fight: Jews, Blacks andthe Struggle for Civil Rights.

2015: Settlement Over Anti-Semitic Bullying atPine Bush Central Schools Is Approved published today.

2015: An exhibition of the works of Haifa bornartist Guy Yanai who now works and lives in Tel Aviv is scheduled to open inNew York.

2016(3rd of Tammuz, 5776): ParshatKorach

2016(3rd of Tammuz, 5776):Twenty-second Yahrtzeit of The Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson of RighteousMemory.

2016(3rd of Tammuz, 5776): Eighty-two-year-old“Sydney H. Schanberg, a correspondent for The New York Times who won a PulitzerPrize for covering Cambodia’s fall to the Khmer Rouge in 1975 and inspired thefilm “The Killing Fields” with the story of his Cambodian colleague’s survivalduring the genocide of millions” passed away today. (As reported by Robert D.McFadden)

2016: In Memphis, at Temple Israel, RabbiKamin, son of Dawn Butler and Dr. Ehud Kamin is scheduled to be called to theTorah as a Bar Mitzvah.

2016: “Indignation” a film based on the PhilipRoth’s novel is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Film Festival.

2016: “Opposition members raised thepossibility today of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu being forced to stepdown in light of various investigations into his financial conduct.”

2017: TheNew York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or ofspecial interest to Jewish readers including The Doorpost of Your House andOn Your Gates by Jacob Bacharach, Behave: The Biology of Humans at OurBest and Worst by Robert M. Sapolsky and the recently released paperbackedition of Mischling by Affinity Konar as well as an interview with A.Scott Berg, “The biographer and consulting producer of Amazon’s “The LastTycoon”

2017: Today, “a few remaining survivors andFrance’s Grand Rabbi Haim Korisa” gathered in the city of Sete which wasmarking the 70th anniversary of attempt by approximately 4,500 Jewsto escape aboard “a rickety steamer” and run the British blockade in an attemptto reach Palestine.

2017: In a testament to the vitality of “smalltown Jewry,” in Coralville, IA, the Sisterhood is scheduled to host a ChallahBaking Demonstration.

2017: The HUB is scheduled to host “an Israelievent featuring the best of Israeli food, music and entertainment” “at theMaccabiah version of an Olympic Village.”

2017: The final performance of “Parade,” whichis based on the lynching of Leo Frank is scheduled to take place today at theWriter’s Theater in Glencoe, a suburb of Chicago.

2017: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research isscheduled to present the “annual Mordkhe Schaecter Memorial Program.”

2018: JW3 is scheduled to host a screening ofEpisodes 1-3 of “Your Honor” “binge-worthy thriller” from Israel.

2018: Based on reports last night from “Arabmedia outlets” that the IAF had struck at Iranian forces stationed in Syria,Israeli’s are bracing for an attack from forces in Gaza, north of the Golan,Lebanon or Judea-Samaria.

2018: “Ben Gurion, Epilogue” is scheduled to beshown at the 9th Annual Axelrod Israel Jewish Film Festival.

2018: “The Museum Teacher Fellowship Program”sponsored by the US Holocaust Memorial Museum that “seeks to train leaders inthe field of Holocaust education” is scheduled to being today.

2019: The American Sephardi Federation isscheduled to host Mozart’s “The Marriage of Figaro” as adapted by directorDavid Serero who twice performed for Shimon Peres when he was President ofIsrael.

2019: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host ascreening of “Tel Aviv on Fire.”

2019: JCC Manhattan is scheduled to host ascreening of Aviv Kempner’s “The Spy Behind Home Plate.”

2019: The day after “Jewish sluggers AlexBregman and Joc Pederson” competed in a “home run derby, the Major LeagueBaseball All-Star is scheduled to be played this evening at Progressive Field,the home of the Cleveland Indians whom Dennis Lehman serves as executive vicepresident and whose most famous Jewish player was third baseman Al Rosen.

2020: The Hebrew College is scheduled topresent online “A Time to Mourn: Grieving Together in the Time of COVID-19.”

2020(17th of Tammuz, 5780): Fast ofthe 17th of Tammuz

2020: The Addison-Penzak JCC is scheduled topresent online “a docent-educator from the Contemporary Jewish Museum tellingthe history of Jewish San Francisco through the impact of Levi Strauss and bluejeans.”

2020: Illinois Holocaust Museum, BosnianAmerican Genocide Institute, and Srebrenica Memorial Center are scheduled tohost a discussion between eyewitnesses of the genocide in Srebrenica as theyshare their memories and experiences during the genocide, and their ongoingfight to combat genocide denial 25 years later.

2020: Via Zoom, in New Orleans, Touro Synagogueis scheduled to present “News and the Jews with Rabbi Bauman.”.

2020: The Mandel JCC is scheduled to host achallah making class in which attendees how to make different kind of challah,including traditional, cinnamon raisin, tie-dye and chocolate chip.

2020: In Cedar Rapids, IA, the Hadassah BookClub is scheduled to discuss The Only Woman in the Room, a novel byMarie Benedict

2020: The JWA is scheduled to host a virtualprogram ‘with Lizzie Skurnick, editor of Pretty Bitches and founder of LizzieSkurnick Books, an imprint devoted to reissuing the very best of young adultliterature, including the beloved All-of-a-Kind Family series.

2020: The Jewish Museum of Maryland isscheduled to host a live stream evening with Lisa Cooper as she discusses herbook A Forgotten Land: Growling up in the Jewish Pale.

2020: As Israelis begin another day of dealingwith the Pandemic, they will be even more aware of the crisis they are facingfollowing yesterday’s stern warning issued to the government by over onehundred doctors, claiming that if hospitals are not bolstered with more staffand resources, the country's health services will face a "brutalwinter" and President Rivlin’s statement that the Netanyahu government hasfailed to develop a 'clear and coherent doctrine' to help fight coronavirus.

2021: Jewish Baby Network is scheduled topresent a Shabbat celebration with music, dancing, puppets, prayers and playingfor kids 5 and under, and older siblings.

2021: Kan Kol Hamusika is scheduled tobroadcast a Young Artists Concert featuring Michael Shaham – Violin, DaniDvorkin – Piano, Naor Equba – Clarinet and Gabriel Beigel – Cello.

2021: Temple Beth Sholom in Framingham is scheduledto present “Park and Pray,” an outdoor Friday night service.

2021: Isaac “Herzog, who is the son of Israel’ssixth president, Chaim Herzog, and the grandson of Israel’s first chief rabbi,will succeed Reuven Rivlin when the latter’s term ends” today. (As reported byRaoul Wootliff)

2022: The Eden-Tamir Center is scheduled topresent “The Best of Chamber Music” featuring Simcha Heled and Friends.

2022: Israeli Anat Cohen, the Jazz JournalistsAssociation’s clarinetist of the year for 11 straight years through 2018, whoperforms with trombone and slide trumpet player Wycliffe Gordon and a jazzorchestra is scheduled to play at tonight’s Stanford Jazz Concert.

2022: CenterStage Theatre at the JCC offerscomplimentary tickets for ATJ for the world premiere “Rise” which is scheduledto take place today.

2022: Temple Israel of Boston is scheduled topresent, online, a Song Circle Concert and Havdalah with musicalartist-in-residence Linda Hirschhorn.

2022(10th of Tammuz, 5782): ParashatChukat;

2023: Congregation Netivot Shalom is scheduledto present “Singing on their Shoulders,” a “musical tribute to the Jewishcomposers and lyricists whose timeless music paved the way for today’sartists.”

2023: New Lehruhaus is scheduled to present“The Jewish World of Alexander Hamilton” during which U. of Oklahoma professorAndrew Porwancher examines the roots and life of a Founding Father who he hasconcluded was very likely born and raised Jewish.

2023: The New York Times featuresreviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readersincluding Fancy Bear Goes Phishing: The Dark History of the Information Age,in Five Extraordinary Hacks by Scott J. Shapiro and Lincoln’s God: HowFaith Transformed a President and a Nation by Joshua Zeitz.

2024:The ADL's 25th AnnualSupreme Court Review, presented in partnership with the National ConstitutionCenter is scheduled to take place today.

2024: A meeting of the InterfaithAlliance Against Christian Nationalism is scheduled to take place this afternoonat St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church in Iowa City.

2024: YIVO is scheduled topresent a lecture by Professor Dina Porat on “Instilling Yiddishkayt IntoZionism” which will begin by examining the efforts of “WWII partisan, poet andintellectual Abba Kovner tried to create a new kind of community at Kibbutz EinHaHoresh,”

2024: In Philadelphia, The WeitzmanMuseum is scheduled to host an enlightening and inspiring conversationmoderated by Pennsylvania Governor JoshShapiro and co-authors Emily Amick and Sami Sage, that could change the way youengage with our community and country.

2024(3rd of Tammuz):Thirtieth anniversary of the passing of Rebbe—Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, ofrighteous memory.

2024: Lockdown University isscheduled to host a lecture by Trudy Gold on “World War II, Jews and Zionism.”

2024: As July 9th beginsin Israel, an unprecedented wave of anti-Semitism that has included Hamassupporters calling for Zionist passengers on a New York subway to raise theirhands, sweeps the United States and the Hamas held hostages begin day 277 incaptivity. (Editor’s note: thissituation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing asnapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time.)

This Day, July 9, by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L – All #ourCOG News (2024)
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